Boundaries Can Steer Active Janus Micromotors

Credits/Names: 

Penn State MRSEC DMR-1420620: Sambeeta Das, Astha Garg, Andrew Campbell, Jonathan Howse, Darrell Velegol, Ayusman Sen, Ramin Golestanian, Steve Ebbens (Nature Communications, 2015)

MRSEC researchers have used geometric boundaries to steer self-propelled Janus micromotors. The rotational diffusion of Janus micromotors around an axis perpendicular to the boundary is quenched by hydrodynamic interactions, which constrain a particle to move long distances along the boundary. The team has also for the first time measured the surface charge on these motors and quantified the electrostatic effects that govern their motion. Autonomous directed propulsion in the face of Brownian randomization makes possible applications of autonomous motors for cargo transport, drug delivery, sensing, environmental remediation, and micro-surgery that targets individual cells.

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Year of Research Highlight: 
2015
IRG: 
IRG 2 - Powered Motion on the Nanoscale