Acoustic Regulated Rheotaxis of Catalytic Micromotors

Credits/Names: 

Penn State MRSEC  DMR-1420620: Liqiang Ren, Dekai Zhou, ZhangmingMao, Pengtao Xu, Tony Jun Huang, and Thomas E. Mallouk* 

The H2O2 powered bimetallic micromotors can respond to shear flow and exhibit rheotactic behavior. When a negative charged surface is presented, the bimetallic nanorod interacts with the surface through the local electric field induced by asymmetric decomposition of H2O2,  resulting in a tilted angle between the nanorod and the surface. Consequently, the tilted nanorod experiences a shear force and aligns itself against the flow. By choosing proper combination of bimetallic nanorods, acoustic wave can accelerate or reverse the motion of catalytic micromotors. Combining the acoustic regulation with catalytic propulsion, both positive rheotaxis (Rh-Au) and negative rheotaxis (Au-Ru) have been demonstrated. This phenomenon can play a significant role in targeted cargo delivery.

ACS Nano 2017, 11, 10, 10591-10598

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b06107

Year of Research Highlight: 
2020
IRG: 
IRG2 - Nanomotors